18 November, 2003
First thing this morning, we finished melting holes in two locations. Sensor cables were re-adjusted and data from the storage modules was successfullydownloaded onto Peter's computer.
After lunch, we collected "glacier berries." Glacier berries are blocks of ice that have fallen off the glacier. To collect them, we had to go into one of the many "fall zones" where the glacier wall towards the top protrudes farther than the wall below and eventually falls. Walking in an area like this is always a bit risky, so we collected our "berries" and moved away. These ice blocks, or berries, create all our water. At each camp, there is a stove with a giant pot. The berries go in the pot and the stove melts them, creating fresh, clean water!
Once our berries were collected, we went seal "hunting." We were not looking for live ones, we wanted dead ones; the older the better! Although this may sound a bit morbid, there is a scientific reason for finding the dead seals.
We collected "toe" and "finger" bones to be sent to a professor in Oregon. The professor intends to date the age of the seals using the C-14 dating process. C-14 exists in living things and we know it's rate of decay. By determining the amount of C-14 remaining in the carcusses, the general date of when that seal was alive on the ice can be determined.
Peter can then use this information to establish a minimum date of ice cover for the lake. There is some geo-chemisty analysis of the lake which suggests that the lake was "ice-free" about two hundred years ago. If we find a seal on the ice that is older than two hundred years, we can disprove the geo-chemistry data. Science is all about gathering evidence to support theories and ideas. The more evidence that can be collected, the more cross checking of theories can be done; so these seals will provide important information for Peter.
We located three very old seals. The distal, or outer, appendages have some of the best bone for C-14 analysis, so we were after "finger tips" and "toes." These carcusses were extremely tough; it took a fair amount of muscle power to remove the desired appendages. Samples were collected, packaged, and labeled.
Why would seals, and penguins, come into these valleys? No one knows for sure.
Some believe the animals simply get lost and keep moving forward in hopes of finding ocean, but instead end up deeper into the valley. At this point, they are about twenty miles from the ocean. Some believe the animals see the light reflecting off the glaciers and think it's the ocean, so they head further into the valley. No one knows why they come, but it is sad to see them here. For a seal to crawl it's way to this point is mind boggling. The terrain is extremely jagged; they must have rubbed their bellies raw reaching this point.
We ended the day measuring the ablation rate for the lake. Ablation is the rate at which surface ice is removed from the lake. We also refueled the generator and hotsy (glycol heater) so they would run through the night and continue melting out our cables.
All is well and I'm having the time of my life!
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