26 May, 2000
And we're off!
Before getting "underway" (setting sail), all of the passengers on board the Healy had to learn about safety on the ship. Once we leave land, we’ll encounter extreme conditions that can be very dangerous. Staying warm in the Arctic is easy to do on the ship, but in an emergency situation it could make the difference between life and death. If a person fell into the icy water, he or she could only survive for a few minutes before hypothermia set in. "Hypo" means "below", and "thermia" refers to temperature. Can you figure out what the word "hypothermia" means?
Unlike humans, Arctic animals are well adapted to living in this harsh environment. Polar bears, for example, rely on their thick fur and blubber (body fat) to keep them warm. Arctic wolves have two layers of fur, and extra blood vessels to their feet to keep them from freezing as they run on the cold ground. Because humans don't have these special adaptations, we depend on clothing to keep us warm.
That's why Susan and I took a class today to learn how to put on our special immersion suits in case of an emergency. These suits are designed to keep a person alive when immersed in very cold water. They look like neoprene footsy pajamas with attached gloves and a hood that covers your head and face. Everyone calls them "Gumby suits." Just look at the picture below to see why!
SURVIVAL I.Q. QUIZ
(adapted from the book POLAR REGIONS by Lorraine Hopping Egan)
You are getting dressed for a winter day in the Arctic. What type of clothing would you choose?
Tight boots or loose boots?
One heavy wool coat or four layers of wool clothing?
Bright colors or white?
For the answers to these questions, and to find out more about getting ready to set sail, click on:
DAILY DATA LOG (5/26/00):
Air temperature: 3 degrees C / 37 degrees F
Sunrise: 4:15 a.m.
Sunset: 7:56 p.m.
By comparing the latitude and longitude from yesterday and today, can you tell which direction we’ve been traveling?
(ANSWER: Due East)
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