Antarctic Research Programs
Australian Antarctic Division
- Australia's Antarctic Program that supports the Australian National
Antarctic Research Expeditions (ANARE).
Institute of Antarctic
and Southern Ocean Studies The Institute of Antarctic and Southern Ocean
Studies (IASOS) is a national key centre for postgraduate teaching and research
established at the University of Tasmania to promote and focus Australian
academic activity concerned with Antarctica and its surrounding ocean.
Centre for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica JACARA facilitates Australian
parcticipation in the development of Antarctic astronomy. Currently the major
focus is on site testing to quantify the limitations to astronomical observations
across the spectrum and determine the optimum site for an international
Belgian Antarctic Research
Programme Areas of research interest concentrate on: ecodynamics of
the Southern Ocean and interactions with the climate; evolution and protection
of marine ecosystems; and role of the Antarctic in global changes
Danish Center for
Remote Sensing (DCRS) Located at the Technical University of Denmark
(DTU), the centre conducts research relating to instruments for remote
sensing and their application to Earth observation and Earth
Libraries and Information Sources The University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland offers an extensive list of polar information sites.
Alfred Wegener Institute
The German National Centre for Polar and Marine Research focuses on scientific
research in the polar regions, national coordination of polar research projects
and logistic support of polar expeditions from other German institutes.
Research work is carried out on board RV "Polarstern". The Institute
focus is to achieve a better understanding of the complex relationship between
water, ice, the atmosphere and the seabed as well as the fauna and flora.
British Antarctic Survey
Responsible for the British Government's scientific research in the Antarctic,
South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands. BAS research covers all aspects
of science and exploits the unique natural laboratory
conditions in the Antarctic to address problems of global and regional relevance.
Leeds University Physics and Astronomy
Department is divided into three research groups. One group, The High Energy
Cosmic Ray Group, carries out research with a cosmic ray air shower detector
array situated at the South Pole, Antarctica. The group is also involved
in a world-wide collaborative effort known as the Auger project to build
a much larger array.
Scott Polar Research Institute
Different from the British Antarctic Survey! Part of the University of Cambridge.
SPRI is the oldest research centre in the world which covers both the Arctic
and Antarctic regions. Research groups include a Remote Sensing Group, a
Sea Ice and Polar Oceanography Group. Research also focuses on polar ecology
and polar history. Links to The ICSU World Data Centre C (Glaciology) and
the SCAR Working Group on Glaciology home page.
Polar Museusm Link
This directory provides brief details of museums known to have collections
relating to the Arctic and Antarctic. Compiled by William Mills, Librarian
and Information Officer at the Scott Polar Research Institute, as part of
a new reference work Keyguide to information sources on the polar and cold
Land Ice Monitoring from Space (GLIMS) A project designed to monitor
the world's glaciers primarily using data from the ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne
Thermal Emission and reflection Radiometer) instrument aboard the EOS-AM1
spacecraft, scheduled for launch in June 1998.
National Institute of Polar Research
- Oversees scientific ivestigation and logistical support of investigation
in the Arctic and Antarctic. Research group activities include: upper atmospheric
physics, meteorology, glaciology, solid earth geophysics, geology and geomorphology,
antarctic meteorites, marine biology, terrestrial biology, and polar region
African National Antarctic Programme South Africa was one of the original
12 signatories of the Antarctic Accord and has physically been involved
in Antarctica since 1959 when it took over the old Norwegian base. Since
then three bases have been built on Queen Maud land, all of which have since
been decommissioned due to snow build up. In order to circumvent the accumulation
of snow and consequent deterioration of the base, it was decided to build
the new base, SANAE IV, on a rock outcrop (nunatuk) called Vesleskarvet.
Scientific studies into upper air-, ionospheric- and magnetospheric physics
are conducted by teams from the Universities of Potchefstroom and Natal
Integrated part of Lulea University of Technology that supports research
and development within the field of cold climate technology/engineering.
This site focuses on promoting Antarctica and Antarctic related
topics, in parcticular awareness of the continent, its value, its beauty
and its Science. Site visitors include Antarctic enthusiasts, having
either been there or involved in research back home. Visitors can read and
post and comment on arcticles. This is thus an interactive online news site
that enables visitors to become a publishers as well.
The Antarctic Marine Geology Research
Facility Housed at the Florida State University Department of Geology.
The facility is designed specifically as a national repository for geological
materials collected in polar regions. Supported by the National Science
Journal of the United States Arcticles about results of current
Antarctic research and operations.
Research Center University of Wisconsin. Offers access to real-time
meteorological and remotely sensed data as well as an extensive archive
of meteorological and remotely sensed data.
Antarctica - The
Dynamic Heart of It All Describes the activities of the Marine and Coastal
Geology Program of the United States Geological Survey (USGS).
Arctic and Antarctic Research Center (AARC)
The Arctic and Antarctic Research Center of the University of California
at San Diego, maintains an archive of more than 45,000 satellite overpasses
of the Arctic and Antarctic. Our data is continually tracked and recorded
by antennas at McMurdo Station and Palmer Station in Antarctica and by the
U.S. Coast Guard icebreakers Polar Sea and Polar Star, while operating at
Center for Geophysical Studies
of Ice and Climate CEGSIC, located in the Physics Department at St.
Olaf College, is a research project focused toward understanding the response
of the world's ice masses to global change. More specifically, CEGSIC
utilizes the tools of ice-penetrating radar and satellite imagery to study
the dynamics of glaciers and ice sheets in various parts of the world.
Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory
(CMDL) CMDL, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
in Boulder, Colorado, conducts research related to atmospheric constituents
that are capable of forcing change in the climate of the earth through modification
of the atmospheric radiative environment, for example greenhouse gases and
aerosols, and those that may cause depletion of the global ozone layer.
Cold Regions Research and Engineering
Lab (CRREL) A facility of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers that addresses
the problems and opportunities unique to the world's cold regions.
Satellite Program (DMSP) The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
(DMSP) is a Department of Defense (DoD) program run by the Air Force Space
and Missle Systems Center (SMC). The DMSP program designs, builds, launches,
and maintains several near polar orbiting, sun synchronous satellites monitoring
the meteorological, oceanographic, and solar terrestrial physics environments.
Glacier Research Group Part of the
University of New Hampshire's Climate Change Research Center. The Glacier
Research Group specializes in the recovery, analysis and interpretation
of chemical records available from air, snow and ice. The Glacier Research
Group is developing a series of such records from atmospherically teleconnected
high latitude (e.g., Antarctica, Greenland and Canadian Arctic) and low
to middle latitude sites (e.g., Asia and North America) in order to investigate
a variety of global change problems.
Change Research Program - Cold Regions Research (USGS) Observing, understanding,
and predicting changes in the cryosphere, glaciers, frozen ground (permafrost),
snow cover, and floating ice (sea, lake, and river) is important to the
U.S. Global Change Research Program, because the cryosphere is the most
sensitive component of the geosphere to global climate warming. Cold Regions
research involves Arctic and Antarctic databases.
Change Research Program - Paleoclimate Research (USGS) The USGS conducts
interdisciplinary research on paleoclimates, paleohydrology, paleoecology,
and paleoceanography. These studies incorporate Arctic and Antarctic databases.
College Undergraduate Research in Antarctica
This program enables undergraduate students from institutions across the
country to become involved in Antarctic scientific work aboard the United
States' Antarctic Program's research vessels. The site contains information
about current research and past projects conducted by undergraduates.
Institute for Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) University of Colorado.
JACEE Long Duration Balloon
The Japanese-American Collaborative Emulsion Experiment includes several
experiments that employ a series of balloon-borne lead-emulsion chambers
designed to directly measure the primary composition and spectra of cosmic
rays at energies in the region of 1TeV-1000TeV.
National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA) This home page describes some of the interesting
facts and features of the Arctic and Antarctic regions and how we observe
these regions using satellites. The primary science focus is on sea ice,
which is ice formed in the oceans, and how we study it using RADAR or SAR
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Antarctic Meteorites. Recently,
the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), and the Smithsonian Institution joined in a cooperative
program to study Antarctic meteorites. The NSF, with decades of experience
in exploring this harsh environment, is providing support for field research.
NASA and the Smithsonian Institution are providing for the curation of meteorites
recovered from Antarctica, and all three agencies sponsor research on these
National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
is part of NOAA. NGDC manages environmental data in the fields of marine
geology and geophysics, paleoclimatology, solar-terrestrial physics, solid
earth geophysics, and glaciology (snow and ice). In each of these fields
NGDC also operates a World Data Center (WDC A) discipline center.
National Ice Core
Laboratory NICL, located at the University of Colorado, is a facility
for storing, curating, and studying ice cores recovered from the polar regions
of the world.
National Snow and Ice Data Center
(NSIDC) NSIDC, located at the University of Colorado, is a data and
information resource for those studying snow and ice, and their importance
to the Earth system. We archive analogue and digital snow and ice data,
create and distribute data products, and maintain a large library collection
in support of snow and ice research.
Office of Polar Programs
(OPP) National Science Foundation (NSF) NSF's programs for support of
research in the Antarctic and the Arctic acknowledge the need to understand
the relationships of these polar regions with global processes and the need
to understand the polar regions as unique entities. NSF's Office of Polar
Programs thus provides support for investigations in a range of scientific
disciplines. In both polar regions, NSF provides to investigators the operational
capability to deploy and support modern field and laboratory science.
For a fact sheet on the U.S. Antarctic Program, see: http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/media/99/fs_usap.htm.
A separate program to support artists and writers in Antarctica whose primary form of expression is not journalistic. For more information contact www.nsf.gov/od/opp/aawri.htm or Guy Guthridg by email firstname.lastname@example.org or phone: (703) 292-8033.
Area Icebreaker Operations Includes Polar Class Icebreaker General Information
and reports of the vessels Polar Sea and Polar Star.
Palmer Long Term Ecological
Research Program (LTER) of the University of California, Santa Barbara
(et al.) focuses on the pelagic marine ecosystem in the Antarctic, and the
ecological processes which link the extent of annual pack ice to the biological
dynamics of different trophic levels.
Meteorology Group Presented by the Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio
State University. This site includes an Antarctic picture album.
Polar Research Board (PRB) The PRB
is a unit of the non-governmental National Research Council, which is the
operational organization of the National Academy of Sciences, the National
Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The PRB operates
a number of committees and provides independent analysis to the federal
government on matters of science and technology affecting public policy
on environmental quality, natural resources, and other issues in BOTH polar
Polar Science Center (PSC)
PSC, part of the Applied Physics Laboratory at the University of Washington,
focuses on observing and modeling the physical processes that control the
nature and distribution of sea ice, the structure and circulation in high
latitude oceans, and the interactions among air, ocean, and ice.
Raytheon Polar Services - Provides
logistical support for the United States Antarctic Program. Oversees operations
at Antarctic facilities, including US-operated research vessels.
Secrets of the Ice
from the Museum of Science, Boston.This web site provides the necessary
materials needed to explore a variety of information related to
Antarctica. Such as the weather,the wilderness,and current events.
Scientific Visualization Studio On this web site you'll find text,
visualizations, pictures, and links relating an exciting research project studying Antarctica.
South Pole Observatory -- South
Pole, Antarctica One of the Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory
(CMDL) sites. South Pole Observatory maintains monitoring programs in greenhouse
and other trace gases, atmospheric aerosols, solar radiation variability,
stratospheric ozone and meteorological parameters, and conducts field programs
to understand chemical changes in the Antarctic region that might impact
climate and global change.
Space Physics Research Group
(SPRG) Located at the University of California, Berkeley, SPRG conducts
experimental research in space plasma physics on a variety of different
spacecraft covering the earth's magnetosphere, auroral zone, tail region,
the interplanetary solar wind, and in the near-space environments of other
planets. The site offers a connection to their long duration ballooning
experiments in Antarctica.
Antarctica and the Arctic (TEA) Join
teachers as they venture to points north and south and
parcticipate in Arctic and Antarctic research expeditions.
Follow their adventures through daily electronic journals,
correspond with them while they are in the field, chat with them
through CU-SeeMe sessions. Keep up-to-date on the science and
life at the poles. Upcoming Arctic field season begins in
June 1998; Antarctic field season begins in October.
United States component of the
International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition USITASE. Because of
the remoteness of the continent, Antarctica is an ideal location to monitor
biogeochemical cycles and local-to-global scale climate change. The
international team of researchers will acquire short ice cores in transects
across the Antarctic Ice Sheet to address two key scientific objectives: 1)
to determine the spatial variability of Antarctic
climate over the last 200 to 1000 years; and 2) to determine the
environmental variability in Antarctica over the last 200 to 1000
The University of Wisconsin - Madison
Antarctic Projects Home Page Includes links to AWS stations, and Antarctic
World Data Center-A
for Paleoclimatology (NOAA) Includes research about atmospheric gases,
glaciology, meteorology, oceanography, remote sensing, etc.
The WAISCORES project will recover and interpret two ice cores from the
West Antarctic ice sheet. The information collected during this project
will improve our ability to predict the significance of future climate changes to our society.
The Council of
Managers of National Antarctic Programs (COMNAP) COMNAP along with its
Standing Committee on Antarctic Logistics and Operations (SCALOP) were established
in 1988 to regularly bring together the national program officials who are
responsible for Antarctic operations and science support. The major functions
are the effective sharing of information and the realization of international
Guide and Directory Service - Antarctic Data Base Branch of the European
The European Science
Foundation An association of 62 member organisations devoted to basic
scientific research in 21 European countries. Since bing established in
1974, ESF has coordinated a wide range of pan-European scientific initiatives.
Branch of Life, Environmental,
and Earth Sciences (includes numerous Arctic and Antarctic initiatives).
Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
(SCAR) SCAR is an interdisciplinary committee of ICSU, The International
Council of Scientific Unions, and it is charged with the initiation, promotion
and co-ordination of scientific research in Antarctica. SCAR also provides
scientific advice to the Antarctic Treaty System.